The FMCSA is an entity within the United States Department of Transportation that regulates the trucking industry in America. The primary focuses of the FMCSA are to reduce injuries, crashes, and fatalities involving large trucks and buses.
The FMCSA was created in 2000 due to the Motor Carrier Safety Improvement Act of 1999. The agency consolidated several previous DOT agencies, including the Interstate Commerce Commission’s Office of Motor Carriers (OMC) and parts of the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA).
The FMCSA has authority over all interstate commercial motor vehicle (CMV) carriers, including trucking companies, bus companies, hazardous materials haulers, and passenger carriers. This can also include vehicles with a gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) or gross combination weight rating (GCWR) greater than 10,000 pounds; vehicles designed to transport 16 or more passengers (including the driver); or any size vehicle carrying hazardous materials requiring placards. In addition to regulating CMV carriers, the FMCSA also sets safety standards for CMV drivers operating in interstate commerce.